How to Write the Results Section of a Research Paper July 11, 7 Min Read Use these tips for your academic article's Research Results section and organize your findings in line with academic writing requirements This article is part of an ongoing series on academic writing help of scholarly articles.
What is known about the topic? Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. The preferred and unpreferred status of the music was operationalized along a continuum of pleasantness.
Revising is a difficult but useful skill, which academic writers obtain with years of practice. This means that while all other sections of the research paper use active voice, passive voice is still the most predominant in Materials and Methods sections. We operationalized the preferred and unpreferred status of the music along a continuum of pleasantness.
To isolate T cells, lymph nodes were collected. You will find background information and a statement of the author's hypothesis in the introduction.
Your research question is based on a survey: Helping Writers One to One. Coli strain 4 EC 4 tended to be the least sensitive overall, as it produced colonies on all treatment plates, even though it was more sensitive to the individual treatments, compared to EC 2 and EC 3 see Figure 1 ….
However, the following steps can be used to compose the results of most scientific research studies and are essential for researchers who are new to preparing a manuscript for publication or who need a reminder of how to construct the Results section.
In this excerpt, details about the statistical tests undertaken and the results of these tests. Following this overall summary, the relevant data in the tables is broken down into greater detail. The Science of Writing: Create appendices that might interest specialists but prove too long or distracting for other readers.
Starting with Materials and Methods If you still struggle with starting a paper, then write the Materials and Methods section first. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation because it may confuse the reader. A Sociology Writer's Guide.
In general, raw data that has not been summarized should not be included in the main text of your paper unless requested to do so by your professor.
University of Toronto; Sauaia, A.
An excerpt from the results section of a psychology report General and specific knowledge scores were analysed separately by 2 Instruction Condition x 2 Test Phases ANOVAs with repeated measures on the second factor.
Addressing potential doubts will save you from painful comments about the wrong interpretation of your results and will present you as a thoughtful and considerate researcher.
Table of Contents A short essay or research paper requires no Table of Contents. These moves are traffic signs that lead the reader through the road of your ideas.
Summarize the answers to the research questions. Syringes of identical appearence containing either agent were prepared by the satellite pharmacist, who alone was aware of group assignment. The first research question was "How do students benefit from analysing model texts?
The biggest challenge for many writers is the opening paragraph of the Discussion section.The results section of an APA format paper summarizes the data that was collected and the statistical analyses that were performed. The goal of this section is to report the results without any type of subjective interpretation.
The results section is the heart of a scientific paper. In this section, much of the important information may be in the form of tables or graphs. When reading this section, do not readily accept an author's statements about the results. An excerpt from the Results & Discussion section of an Education report that used qualitative research methodology.
Footnote NOTE: the results and discussion sections have been merged in this report. The results section is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied to gather information.
The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation. Some research papers require a recommendations section, postulating the further directions of the research, as well as highlighting how any flaws affected the results.
In this case, you should suggest any improvements that could be made to the research design. A good place to start for your results section, it’s to restate the aim and objective of your research paper, so that your readers can refocus on the core of your academic article.
So far in your research paper, your readers covered the introduction, literature review, research methodology and now it’s the time and place to bring their attention back to the purpose.Download